Noticias Noticias

Consequences of the defaunation of the Canarian frugivorous lizards

Defaunation of large-bodied frugivores could be causing severe losses of crucial ecosystem functions such as seed dispersal. The immediate ecological consequences may include alteration or even collapse of seed-mediated gene flow affecting plant population connectivity, with impacts on the regional scale distribution of genetic variation. Yet these far-reaching consequences of defaunation remain understudied. This study tested whether human-induced defaunation of the Canarian frugivorous lizards altered within-island population connectivity and the amount and large-scale distribution of genetic variation of Neochamaelea pulverulenta, which relies exclusively on these lizards for seed dispersal. Individual plant genotypes from 80 populations were extensively sampled spanning the full geographic range of the plant to examine their genetic diversity, population-genetic network topologies, and the patterns of isolation both by distance (IBD) and resistance (IBR) across three ecological scenarios. Plant genetic diversity appeared unaffected by defaunation-mediated downsizing of frugivorous lizards. However, it was found reduced overall plant population connectivity together with an increased isolation by distance within the most defaunated islands when compared with the scenario preserving the functionality of lizard-mediated seed dispersal. The results, with a significant effect of lizard downsizing, were robust when controlling for biotic/abiotic differences among the three islands by means of isolation by resistance models. These results provide valuable insights into the far-reaching consequences of the deterioration of mutualisms on plant population dynamics over very large spatial scales. Conservation of large-bodied frugivores is thus essential because their irreplaceable mutualistic dispersal services maintain an extensive movement of seeds across the landscape, crucial for maintaining the genetic cohesiveness of metapopulations and the adaptive potential of plant species across their entire geographic range. informacion[at]ebd.csic.es: Pérez-Méndez et al (2017) Persisting in defaunated landscapes: reduced plant population connectivity after seed dispersal collapse. J Ecol doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12848

 


http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2745.12848/full
Promedio (0 Votos)

Últimas noticias Últimas noticias

Predictores del servicio de polinización

El servicio de polinización es esencial para la reproducción sexual exitosa y la persistencia a largo plazo de las poblaciones de plantas polinizadas por insectos. Innumerables estudios han...

Las semillas sin fruto carnoso pueden estar adaptadas para endozoocoria

En la literatura, muchas veces se da por hecho que tan solo las plantas con frutos carnosos se dispersan dentro del aparato digestivo de los vertebrados, es decir por “endozoocoria”. Sin embargo,...

Las especies poco abundantes de animales y plantas se organizan en guetos para sobrevivir

Se ha comprobado que las especies poco abundantes se asocian espacialmente en el 90% de las comunidades de animales y plantas estudiadas. Se concluye que las comunidades de animales y plantas se...

Las aves nocturnas podrían comunicarse a través de la fluorescencia de sus plumas

En aves, los colores que muestran en sus plumajes son esenciales en los procesos de comunicación. La enorme variedad de colores es frecuente en aves diurnas, ya que pueden percibirse a plena luz....