News News

Impact of fisheries on sea turtles

The bycatch of sea turtles by industrial fisheries is receiving an increasing attention in recent years due to the high impact it causes on these endangered species. This issue was evaluated in southern Spain waters that harbors an important feeding ground of loggerhead and leatherback turtles, including the endangered Eastern Atlantic loggerhead population. To quantify the impact that different fisheries represents to sea turtles, 272 fishermen answered to detailed illustrated questionnaires in all the main ports of Andalusia and Murcia (Spain) during 2014. This study has updated the knowledge of turtle bycatch in the southwestern Mediterranean revealing a widespread impact of fisheries on sea turtles. Fishermen recognized an annual catch of 2.3 turtles per boat. Considering the census of industrial fishing boats in the study area (1182), more than 2840 sea turtles could be bycaught per year in the study area. Most of captures (96.2%) were produced during the summer. These results suggest a severe impact of most of legal fisheries (surface longline, pursue seine, trawling and small scale fisheries) on loggerhead feeding grounds in the southwestern Mediterranean. Fishermen suggests that drift fishing conducted by foreign or illegal fishermen and almadrabas are also causing a significant bycatch of turtles. Several measures such as reviewing compliance of current fishing and environmental regulations, modifying turtle technics to reduce turtle bycatch (e.g. reduction of the use of squid as bait and disposal of hooks deeper in the water column), facilitating the rescue and handle of wound turtles and their transport to the port for recovery, and recognizing the efforts of anglers to perform a more sustainable fishing, are recommended to mitigate this impact. informacion[at]ebd.csic.es: Marco et al (2020) Sea turtle bycatch by different types of fisheries in southern Spain. Basic and Applied Herpetology https://doi.org/10.11160/bah.187


http://ojs.herpetologica.org/index.php/bah/article/view/187
Average (0 Votes)

Latest News Latest News

Back

New publication: Age and origin make the difference

Age and origin make the difference

Populations of trophic generalists may include specialised individuals. Optimal foraging theory states that individuals should feed on those resources most valuable to them. This, however, may vary. White storks are trophic generalists at the population level. Their European population increased wintering in Southern Europe, where they feed upon new anthropogenic food subsidies: dumps and less invasive crayfishes in ricefields. The foraging strategies of resident and wintering storks in SW Spain in were studied ricefields and dumps. Multievent capture-recapture model showed that there were more specialists among residents than immigrants, and that ricefield use increased with individual age. Results provide empirical evidence of high individual foraging consistency within a generalist species and a differential resource selection by individuals of different ages and origins probably related to their previous experience in the foraging area. informacion[at]ebd.csic.es: Sanz-Aguilar et al (2014) Multievent capture-recapture analysis reveals individual foraging specialisation in a generalist species. Ecology. Doi 10.1890/14-0437.1


http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/14-0437.1