The Doñana Biological Reserve (RBD), belonging to Doñana Biological Station (EBD-CSIC), joined the Spanish ICTS network in 2006.The term "Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructures (ICTS)" refers to leading R&D facilities that, individually or by coordinating several installations, provide services for pioneering and top-quality research, as well as for the transmission, exchange and preservation of knowledge, transfer of technology, and promotion of innovation. The ultimate goal is to provide the national and international science, technology and industrial community with pioneering scientific-technical infrastructures that are essential for competitive and quality scientific and technical research.
The «Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation 2013–2020» considers the deployment of the "ICTS Map" to be key for the national development of the Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation, together with its inclusion in the European Research Area. Scientific and technical research excellence must be supported by an advanced network of scientific technical infrastructures and facilities, and provide access to top-level international infrastructures, as is the case with the ICTS. Access to advanced scientific and technical infrastructures is one of the most important assets when it comes to remaining as a leader in research, increasing the specialised training capacity in R&D activities and capturing talent.
The ICTS Map is regularly updated by an experts evaluation panel, which considers criteria of maximum scientific, technological and innovation quality. The ICTS are located across Spain and are included on the "National Map of Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructures (ICTS)". The first map was approved at the 3rd Conference of Presidents held on 11 January 2007, and was created with the participation of the Autonomous Communities. Since then, this map has been regularly reviewed and assessed, and the update is part of the mandate established in the "Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation 2013–2020" The current map was approved in November 2018 by the Scientific, Technological and Innovation Policy Council (CPCTI) and consists of 29 ICTS, bringing together a total of 62 infrastructures.