Intraspecific eye color variability in birds and mammals: a recent evolutionary event exclusive to humans and domestic animals

Human populations and breeds of domestic animals are composed of individuals with a multiplicity of eye (= iris) colorations. Some wild birds and mammals may have intraspecific eye color variability, but this variation seems to be due to the developmental stage of the individual, its breeding status, and/or sexual dimorphism. In other words, eye colour tends to be a species-specific trait in wild animals, and the exceptions are species in which individuals of the same age group or gender all...

Geographic isolation, key to the absence of parasites of avian malaria in Cory’s shearwater

The apparent scarcity or absence of blood parasites in some avian groups, such as seabirds, has been related to intrinsic and extrinsic factors including host immunological capacity, host-parasite assemblage, and ecological parameters, but also to reduced sensitivity of some methods to detect low parasite prevalence/intensities of infection. Here, the haemosporidian parasite prevalence was examined in a breeding population of a long-distance migrant seabird, nesting in the Macaronesian...

Infrequent major host switches have strong macroevolutionary consequences for symbionts

Highly host-specific symbionts are very rarely found except with their typical host species. Although switches to new hosts are rare and difficult to detect, a switch to a host phylogenetically distant from the original one could allow diversification of the symbionts onto the new host lineage.

The roles of remote sensing in nature conservation

In this volume, the ability of new technologies, such as drones, camera traps or miniaturized sensors, to enhance our information on habitat condition, species occurrence, invasive species mapping or biodiversity is illustrated.

UV filters in wild bird eggs

The study shows that UV filters have reached the eggs of Doñana birds, and reveals that OH-derivatives are transferred by the mother to the egg before the lying.