Genetic variability of red swamp crayfish reveals its invasion process

Patterns of genetic diversity in invasive populations can be modulated by a range of factors acting at different stages of the invasion process, including the genetic composition of the source population(s), the introduction history (e.g. propagule pressure), the environmental suitability of recipient areas, and the features of secondary introductions. The North American red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, is one of the most widely introduced freshwater species worldwide. It was legally...

Impairment of mixed melanin-based pigmentation in parrots

Parrots and allies (Order Psittaciformes) have evolved an exclusive capacity to synthesize polyene pigments called psittacofulvins at feather follicles, which allows them to produce a striking diversity of pigmentation phenotypes. Melanins are polymers constituting the most abundant pigments in animals, and the sulphurated form (pheomelanin) produces colors that are similar to those produced by psittacofulvins. However, the differential contribution of these pigments to psittaciform...

Higher epigenetic diversity could alleviate the loss of genetic diversity

Genetic diversity is generally considered the chief determinant of evolutionary change, but epigenetic diversity is now recognized as another layer of heritable variation with potential adaptive consequences. Epigenetic diversity could sometimes (fragmented populations, stressing habitats) alleviate the loss of genetic diversity and provide an “evolutionary backup” mechanism for wild plants.

Survival probability was similar in translocated and non-translocated eagles when subject to similar generic conservation management

In long-lived species, usually with deferred maturity and low release numbers, the success of conservation translocations is especially sensitive to survival and site fidelity during the prolonged establishment phase. Concurrent management actions usually implemented in threatened populations may also influence translocation-related responses. Therefore, the specific performance of translocations should be ideally assessed on vital rates of comparable management groups while accounting for...

Increase of the benzothiazole moiety content of pheomelanin pigment after endogenous free radical inducement

Pheomelanin, the sulfurated form of melanin pigment, is known to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress-mediated cytotoxicity. Previous studies have shown a conversion of the benzothiazine moiety of pheomelanin to the benzothiazole moiety under heat or energetic radiation exposure, but it is unknown whether endogenous conditions can also produce this structural change.