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For a better production, agriculture areas need to recover at least 20% of natural habitat

International agreements aim to conserve 17% of Earth's land area by 2020 but include no area-based conservation targets within the working landscapes that support human needs through farming, ranching, and forestry. Through a review of country-level legislation, this study found that just 38% of countries have minimum area requirements for conserving native habitats within working landscapes. The study argues for increasing native habitats to at least 20% of working landscape area where it is below this minimum. Such target has benefits for food security, nature's contributions to people, and the connectivity and effectiveness of protected area networks in biomes in which protected areas are underrepresented. Other urgings of the review include maintaining native habitat at higher levels where it currently exceeds the 20% minimum, and a literature review shows that even more than 50% native habitat restoration is needed in particular landscapes. Including a >20% native habitats within working landscapes restoration target offers an unrivaled opportunity to simultaneously enhance biodiversity, food security and quality of life. The post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework is an opportune moment to include a minimum habitat restoration target for working landscapes that contributes to, but does not compete with, initiatives for expanding protected areas, the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021–2030) and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. informacion[at] Garibaldi et al (2020) Working landscapes need at least 20% native habitat. Conserv Letter DOI: 10.1111/conl.12773
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Landscape change promotes the emergence of a rare predator-prey interaction

Landscape change promotes the emergence of a rare predator-prey interaction

Diet studies provide basic natural history information to understand food web dynamics. However, measuring the dietary breadth of rare, elusive species is extremely challenging due to their scarcity and/or cryptic behavior. Here, for the first time, an uncommon predatory interaction –nest predation– between two of the most elusive and rare species in Europe, the Iberian lynx and the red-necked nightjar is documented. Data on individually tagged nightjars and photo-traps were analysed together to investigate the underlying conditions that might have facilitated the fatal encounter. Human-induced changes in the landscape in 2014–2016 forced nightjars to travel relatively large distances (1–2 km) from the nest to find food, which translated into considerably longer nest absences compared with previous years (2011?2012). This fact, together with a drastic decline in wild rabbit populations, the main prey of lynx, might lead lynxes to search for alternative food resources, such as unconcealed –and easily detectable– bird nests. These results provide new data about the trophic ecology of this threatened predator and suggest that anthropogenic landscape changes may affect predator-prey relationships in unexpected ways. informacion[at] Sáez-Gómez et al (2018) Landscape change promotes the emergence of a rare predator-prey interaction. Food Webs